Structuring a Scientific Manuscript: Tips and How-To’s

Researchers are always busy in their activities, and they do not have sufficient time to maintain the structure of the research paper. It is essential for authors to follow the standard structure so the readers can get the proper information that they are seeking.

In journals, there is a specific style, which all authors must follow, and Scientific Manuscript must be divided into different sections. Such as title, author’s information, abstract of the paper, introductory information, methodology that has been used, outputs and discussion.

Structuring a Scientific Manuscript

The sections’ order may be diverse in structuring such a manuscript compared to the information’s order. A standard scientific manuscript, the paper starts with the article’s title, Abstract and Keywords. In most cases, IMRAD (Introduction, Methodology, Results and finally Discussion) is the basic format of the article.

Through closing stages, there will be a Conclusion and References, along with some supporting materials (Appendixes). Below are the tips shared by the writers of a best assignment writing service UK to help in manuscript structure.

Tips for Structuring a Scientific Manuscript

1. Table and Figures

Figures and tables are the most important part of a scientific manuscript. These are essential as one figure or table can be worth more than hundreds of words. In data representations, the figures and tables have their own role.

It is also worth mentioning that graphical representation is self-explanatory, and there is no need to discuss further points already discussed in that figure or table.

If the writer uses images, every image has a specific scale bar and scale marker. In the print publication, there is a need for color photographs (if available) to maintain the requirement of the latest scientific journals.

While structuring a scientific manuscript the author needs to use simple color schemes, otherwise, huge printing costs will be there. However, this point is not essential to online journals.

2. Methodology Writing

When the author is discussing a specific issue or challenge in a scientific manuscript, there is a need to write all those points, which are essential to make sense of the issues.

There is no need to repeat the established methodology details; however, references and other supporting material are essential to maintain the standard and support those articles which are published in the recent.

The author needs to understand that reviewers can criticize or comment negatively if the methodology section is weak. It is also necessary for structuring a scientific manuscript that the author holds the records of all those citations, references, and supporting material with him, or maybe places that record in the appendices section.

3. Result Writing

The major question in structuring a scientific manuscript section is about the discovery or research findings. Though the results will only represent a limited representation of the public, they have their own importance and are significant for discussion.

To secure the chance of publishing, the author must put all the supportive material he has used in the research. In case the author hides some facts, there will be more of a chance of losing evidence in the conclusion part of the manuscript.

4. Discussion Writing

In structuring a scientific manuscript, the discussion section has specific significance. And the essential point is the alignment of the discussion with the presented results. In such a section; the author must present all those results and comparisons that other authors and researchers have already published.

5. Concise Conclusion

The next tip for better structuring a scientific manuscript is making a concise and clear conclusion. The major purpose is to present the extracted information through the research. In some types of journals, it is placed at the end of the article; however, it is not a hard and fast rule.

Readers feel ambiguous, if there is no clear and concise conclusion in the article. Some authors make a mistake by repeating the abstract in this section. Which is not an effective idea. There is a need to provide a specific justification of the authors’ work in this section.

6. Time to Write a Compelling Introduction

At this point, there is a need to write a compelling introduction. Following are the main points in an effective introduction:

  • Discussed Problems and Issues in the Manuscript
  • Probable Solutions
  • Limitation of the described work

Additional Tips for Introduction Writing

  • Always write the required number of words
  • Provide a broader picture of the issue
  • Properly state the purpose of the research

7. Abstract Writing

In abstract writing, the writer must use accurate information and convey the concise meaning of the research. In fact, the abstract is a short description and the main purpose of the research paper. While structuring a scientific manuscript, the role of the abstract is highly important.

8. Title

It is the face of the paper, and it must be explained broadly. The title is the main source of capturing the attention of the reader. It is also important to grasp the editor’s attention (considering he is the first reader), so the title must be attractive and catchy.

9. Keywords

Indexing is highly important for research papers. Keywords are important when discussing tips for better structuring a scientific manuscript. Though the reader can search the whole text, its importance is not limited. Keywords must be concise, and the author needs to avoid broader meaning keywords.

10. Acknowledgment Writing

Acknowledgment is a way to thank those people who provide their support and contribution to the author’s manuscript writing. In some parts of the world (specifically in European Projects), authors need to include references or grant numbers.

11. Referencing

To avoid plagiarism and other similarity issues, authors need to put all citation details at this point. The authors must provide all kinds of reference material and scientific publications at the end of the paper.


In any well-written scientific manuscript, some essential points are required, such as a specific title, abstract, an appropriate introduction, specific methodology and material description, discussion of the research and an appropriate conclusion. However, to avoid the similarity issues, a bibliography must be included at the end of the scientific research paper.

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