Union Public Service commission (UPSC) and its function

What is Union Public Service Commission UPSC?

UPSC is the reputed exam of the country. It is one of the toughest exams. The full form of UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission. The UPSC exam is called the Civil Service Exam. Every year many aspirants appear for the exam but only a few clear it. Hard work and dedication is the only key to success. Civil service exam was first intrigued in 1854 by the British East India Company. The first Indian who succeeded in the exam was Shri Satyendranath Tagore, brother of Shri Rabindranath Tagore.

The Public Service Commission was first set up in India on October 1st, 1926.

The British East India Company introduced the concept of a Civil Service exam in 1854. When the constitution came into force on 26 January 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was recognized as the Union Public service Commission.

Functions of UPSC

The functions of the Union Public Service Commission is as follows:-

  • Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
  • Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
  • Appointment of officers on promotion / deputation / absorption.
  • Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
  • Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
  • Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.

Exam conducted by UPSC

Here is the list of examinations which UPSC conducts:-

S.No. Name of Examination
1. National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (NDA)
2. Indian Economic Service Examination  (IES)
3. Indian Statistical Service Examination  (ISS)
4. Indian Economic Service Examination  (IES)
5. Indian Forest Service Examination  (IFS)
6. Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination
7. Civil Services Examination (CSE)
8. Indian Engineering Services Examination
9. Combined Medical Services Examination
10. Central Armed Police Forces (ACs) Examination
11. Combined Defence Services Examination  (CDS)


Eligibility criteria of UPSC

  • For the IAS, IPS, and IFS services, students should be citizens of India.
  • For the IRS and other services, a candidate must be :
  • A citizen of India
  • a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Attempt limits for UPSC

Attempt limits are different for different categories.

Category Attempts
General 6
SC/ST Unlimited
Disabled Defence Services Personnel 9
Ex-Servicemen 9
Persons with Disability – EWS (Economically Weaker Section) 9


What are the three stages of the UPSC Civil Service Examination?

There are three stages of the UPSC Civil Services Examination. All three stages are equally important. The three stages are:-

  • Mains Exam- after clearing the Prelims exam, the candidate can appear for the Mains exam,
  • Interview- the interview is a final selection round. only  Candidates who cleared the Prelims and Mains can appear in the Interview round.

How to prepare for the UPSC examination?

UPSC is definitely one of the toughest exams in the country but it can be cracked in the first attempt. It needs dedication and hard work. Many of the students have cracked UPSC in the first attempt. So, it’s clear, anyone can clear UPSC. First, decide if you really want to prepare for UPSC, then give it a proper time for preparation. It’s not easy to clear UPSC in one day. It’s a long process.

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Here I am sharing about how to prepare for the UPSC examination:

  • Understand the syllabus and exam pattern of UPSC

When you make up your mind about preparing for UPSC, the next important thing is to understand the syllabus and pattern of the exam. Without understanding, one can not prepare properly for the exam. So, go through the syllabus and try to understand it. You can check it online also. There are many coaches who provide all the important information related to UPSC. Legacy IAS Academy Bangalore is the best and the most trustable institute for UPSC preparation.

  • Well planned strategy

A well-planned strategy is a must for the preparation. You should make a strategy and prepare accordingly. Set a timetable and divide all the subjects according to the time- table. By this, you can cover all the subjects.

  • Join coaching if necessary

Coaching classes is not necessary if you can do it by self-study. When you feel difficulties in preparation, without any hesitation join coaching. There are many coaches for UPSC which provide quality education for UPSC. Before joining any coaching, always make sure that you have gathered all the important information about the coaching like past results, faculty, infrastructure, and teaching methodology.

In my opinion, Legacy IAS Bangalore is the Best IAS coaching in Bangalore for UPSC exam preparation. 

  • Make good notes

Well-prepared notes always help in preparation. If you want to crack the UPSC exam in the first attempt, make a habit of making notes. You can remember things easily by self-prepared notes. 

  • Hard work

Hard work is the key to success. Without hard work, you can not clear UPSC and any other exam. As UPSC is the toughest exam, it needs hard work and dedication. Read success stories of toppers. They shared their journey of UPSC and about their success. Hard work is the only common thing which each of the toppers had talked about. Try to learn from them. They have an inspirational journey of UPSC.

  • Preparation for current affairs

Preparation of current affairs is important for exams as well as for interviews. Mostly Interviewers ask trending questions. For this, you have to prepare for current affairs. Make a habit of reading newspapers daily, especially the editorial part. It will give you all the information related to the exam. Prepare notes with the help of the newspaper for current affairs.

  • Answer writing practice 

Always include answer writing practice in your daily preparation. Answer writing practice is very important.  You can increase your memory power by practicing answer writing daily. Start focusing on the quality of the answer. You can score well by writing quality. Don’t make it lengthy and unnecessary. Be consistent in your answer writing practice. It will give benefits in prelims as well as mains exam.

  • Mock tests 

Mock test helps students to prepare for the UPSC exam. Most students get stressed at the time of the exam. Mock tests help them to prepare for exam-like situations. It gives a chance to find out their weak points and they can work on it. By attending mock tests students get a chance to improve their weaknesses. There are many online coaches that conduct mock tests from time to time. 

  • Previous year papers practice

Preparing previous year’s question papers helps a lot in the UPSC exam. Always solve previous year’s question papers and include it in your study plan. After solving the previous year’s question papers you get a clear idea about your preparation. You can understand the level of your preparation. Make a strategy for your study plan after knowing your preparation level.

So, be focused on your preparation. Anyone can crack UPSC, even on the first attempt.  It all depends on your dedication, hard work, and consistent performance. Nothing is impossible. Have faith in yourself and start preparing for UPSC.

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